- The official name of Mexico is Estados Únidos Mexicanos (United Mexican States).
- A Mexican tamale called the zacahuil is three feet long and weighs about 150 pounds.
- The largest wildcat in North America is the jaguar, which can be found in Mexico's southern jungles.
- The first printing press in North America was used in Mexico City in 1539.
- The National University of Mexico was founded in 1551 by Charles V of Spain and is the oldest university in North America.
- Millions of monarch butterflies migrate to Mexico every year from the U.S. and Canada, though logging operations are rapidly destroying their habitat.
- The border between Mexico and the United States is the second largest border in the world (only the U.S.-Canadian border is longer).\\
· The red poinsettia (which the Aztecs called cuetlaxochitl) originated in Mexico and is named after Joel Roberts Poinsett, the first United States ambassador to Mexico (in the 1820s).
· Mexico remained under Spanish control for nearly 300 years until the Mexican people, led by a priest named Father Hidalgo, rose up against the Spanish on September 16, 1810. Hidalgo is widely considered the father of modern Mexico, and Mexican Independence is celebrated on September 15-16.